Cleanliness is one of the most important practice for a clean and healthy environment. It may be related to public hygiene or personal hygiene. It is essential for everyone to learn about cleanliness, hygiene, sanitation and the various diseases that are caused due to poor maintenance of hygienic conditions .
The habits which are learnt or followed at a young age, get embedded into one's personality. One should start to follow certain habits like washing hands before meals, regular brushing of teeth, and bathing from the young age.
It is essential to follow certain good practices like keeping our surroundings clean, avoiding littering in public places, refraining from spitting on the road, and many more good habits .
Awareness of the Cleanliness and Personal Hygiene is the need of the hour in Our country where the diseases like Dengu fever,swine flu , malaria, chicken fox and jaundice are fast spreading . We should realise the importance of cleanliness and personal hygiene to prevent themselves from these diseases.
The role of medical care in contributing to health improvements within societies
In attempting to assess the contributions of medical care to health improvements, the goals of care must first be addressed. The saving of lives in acute life-threatening emergencies is an important such goal, but it represents a very small component of the total medical effort: while lives are saved, the sum of such saving is too small to have a measurable impact on the life expectancy of an entire population. A much larger effort is devoted to preventive or curative measures, and these do have a large and measurable effect on the life expectancy of the population as a whole. An even greater component of medical effort is devoted to improving the quality of life, or more accurately, to preventing or to minimizing the poor quality of life associated with chronic disease: to the relief of pain, disfigurement, and disability.
Healthcare Access in Rural Communities
Access to healthcare services is critical for rural residents. Ideally, residents should be able to conveniently and confidently use services such as primary care, dental, behavioral health, emergency, and public health services. Healthcare is important for:
• Overall physical, social, and mental health status
• Prevention of disease
• Detection and treatment of illnesses
• Quality of life
• Preventable death
• Life expectancy
Rural residents often experience barriers to healthcare that limit their ability to get the care they need. In order for rural residents to have sufficient healthcare access, necessary and appropriate services must be available which can be accessed in a timely manner. In addition to having an adequate supply of healthcare services in the community, there are other factors which play a significant role in healthcare access. For instance, to have good healthcare access, a rural resident must also have:
• Means to reach and use services, such as transportation to services which may be located at a distance, and the ability to take paid time off of work
• Confidence in their ability to communicate with healthcare providers, particularly if the patient is not fluent in English or has poor health literacy.
• Confidence in their ability to use services without compromising privacy.
• Confidence in the quality of the care that they will receive.
This guide provides an overview of challenges to healthcare access in rural areas and ways communities and policymakers can address these community needs. The guide includes information on barriers to care such as workforce shortages, health insurance status, distance and transportation, poor health literacy, and the stigma of certain conditions such as mental health etc.